United nations estimates that over 1.2 billion people live in extreme poverty, defined by the world bank as living on less than $1.90 a day. the majority of those living in extreme poverty are located in sub-saharan africa, and poverty is linked to a lack of access to basic services such as education and healthcare, as well as poor nutrition, inadequate sanitation and limited access to clean water. women and children are disproportionately affected by poverty, which can lead to social exclusion, discrimination and exploitation, and is linked to higher rates of disease, malnutrition and infant mortality.
Un sustainable development goals aim to end extreme poverty by 2030, and the covid-19 pandemic is expected to push an additional 88 million people into extreme poverty. poor countries are more vulnerable to natural disasters and climate change and are often unable to access the resources needed to develop their economies. economic inequality is a major contributor to poverty, and international aid and investment are essential for reducing poverty.
Must prioritize poverty reduction in order to achieve sustainable development. this includes investing in infrastructure, creating job opportunities, providing access to basic services and promoting gender equality. it is also important to ensure that policies are designed to reduce economic inequality, and that international aid and investment are targeted to those most in need. by addressing the root causes of poverty, governments can ensure that everyone has an equal opportunity to thrive and reach their full potential.