1: death rates from cancer in the us have fallen by 32% over the past three decades, resulting in 3.5 million fewer deaths. cancer is still the second leading cause of death in the us, after heart disease, with lung cancer being the most deadly, killing 350 people per day.
2: the decline in death rates began in 1991 and has continued to the present day. the drop in mortality rates is attributed to earlier diagnosis of cancer and technological advancements which have increased the survival rate by three years. while breast cancer rates have increased by 0.5% a year since the mid-2000s, mortality rates from breast cancer have declined.
3: at least 42% of the projected new cancers are potentially avoidable and 19% of cancers are caused by smoking, with 18% of cancers being caused by a combination of excess body weight, drinking alcohol, poor nutrition, and physical inactivity. furthermore, racial and economic disparities in cancer outcomes exist, with black women with breast cancer facing a 41% higher death rate than white women. the covid-19 pandemic has added to already existing difficulties for marginalised groups to get cancer screenings and treatment.