Conflict in northern ethiopia involved the tigrayan forces and the federal government. hundreds of thousands of people are estimated to have died due to starvation, a lack of medical care, and fighting. the conflict broke out in 2021 following a massive fall-out between the regional and federal governments, with prime minister abiy ahmed accusing the tigray people’s liberation front (tplf) of attempting to overthrow his government.
Tigrayan forces advanced towards the federal capital, addis ababa, in 2021, but were pushed back. on tuesday, the tigrayan forces handed over heavy weapons in line with a peace deal to end the conflict. the handover was confirmed by a team of african union (au) monitors, and was welcomed as a step in the right direction by the au.
Cause of the conflict was prime minister abiy ahmed’s accusation that the tplf had seized military bases and launched an attempt to overthrow his government. the tigrayan forces then advanced towards the federal capital, addis ababa, in 2021, but were pushed back. the handover of weapons was seen as a positive step to end the two-year-long conflict, although a major sticking point remains the presence of eritrean troops in the area, as well as forces from ethiopia’s amhara region.