1: pope benedict xvi, born joseph ratzinger, passed away at the age of 95. he was the first pope to resign since gregory xii in 1415 and his final years were spent at the mater ecclesiae monastery within the vatican. pope francis visited him there frequently and his condition had been deteriorating due to his advancing age.
2: pope benedict xvi was elected pope in 2005 at the age of 78. during his papacy, the catholic church faced allegations, legal claims and official reports into decades of child abuse by priests. pope francis appealed to his final audience of the year to pray for pope emeritus benedict.
3: pope benedict xvi acknowledged errors had been made in the handling of abuse cases while he was archbishop of munich between 1977 and 1982. his resignation was accepted by the college of cardinals in 2013, and he has since devoted his time to a life of prayer and reflection.